Breast Cancer Care
Breast cancer has been widely spread in the recent past. It affects both men and women but the women are in greater danger. It occurs when cancerous cells grow and multiply in the breast and can spread to both breasts with time.
The breasts are made up of fat, connective tissue and thousands of tiny glands called lobules, which produce milk. When a woman has a baby, the milk is delivered to the nipple through tiny tubes called ducts, which allow her to breastfeed.
The body is made up of billions of tiny cells, which usually grow and multiply in an orderly way. New cells are only produced when and where they’re needed. In cancer, this orderly process goes wrong and cells begin to grow and multiply uncontrollably.
Breast cancer has a number of symptoms but the first noticeable symptom is a painless lump. Gradually other symptoms such as swelling, texture and temperature changes of the breast develop. Eventually, if not early diagnosed, the patient can be in so much pain that will distract them from their daily activities.
As a tumor develops, you may note the following signs:
- A lump in the breast or underarm that persists after your menstrual cycle. This is often the first apparent symptom of breast cancer. Lumps associated with breast cancer are usually painless, although some may cause a prickly sensation. Lumps are usually visible on a mammogram long before they can be seen or felt.
- Swelling in the armpit.
- Pain or tenderness in the breast. Although lumps are usually painless, pain or tenderness can be a sign of breast cancer.
- A noticeable flattening or indentation on the breast, which may indicate a tumor that cannot be seen or felt.
- Any change in the size, contour, texture, or temperature of the breast. A reddish, pitted surface like the skin of an orange could be a sign of advanced breast cancer.
Breast cancer patients can receive all the care they need through a home care agency. This can include both physical health and mental health due to stigma. If early treated and properly taken of, breast cancer patients can resume their normal lives.
Through a home care agency, you can get many of the same care and services as in a hospital. A doctor will work with your home health care providers to set up your plan of care. This plan includes the services you need, the type of staff best suited to provide those services, and how often the services are needed.
A highly skilled registered nurse (RN) can be very helpful to a cancer patient at home and can help relieve the burden on family members. A nurse comes to the home, looks at the care needs you and your family have, and sets up a plan of care along with the doctor. Services may include the care of wounds, ostomy care, giving intravenous (IV) treatments, giving and supervising medicines, and watching for side effects. Your care plan may also include giving supportive care, like pain control, as well as instruction and emotional support. The needs of both the patient and the family are covered.
Physical therapists can help you to regain the use of impaired or weakened muscles. They also work with you to improve the range of motion in joints and learn to use any equipment needed for daily activities.